Shelly Ann Fraser-Pryce was born in Kingston,Jamaica on December 27, 1986, and rose to prominence in 2008 when at 21 years old, the relatively unknown athlete became the first Caribbean woman to win 100 m gold at the Olympics in Beijing, China. In 2012, she successfully defended her 100 m title in London, England, becoming the third woman to win two consecutive 100 m gold medals at the Olympics. After winning bronze at the 2016 Summer Olympics, she became the first woman in history to win 100 m medals at three consecutive Olympic Games.
In 2009, Fraser-Pryce won 100 m gold at the IAAF World Championships, becoming the second female sprinter to reign as World and Olympic 100 m champion simultaneously. She later repeated this feat when she became 100m champion at the 2012 Olympics and 2013 World Championships. The only female sprinter to be crowned world champion over 100 m four times (2009, 2013, 2015 and 2019), she is also the first female sprinter to win gold medals in the 100 m, 200 m and 4 × 100 m in a single World Championship. In 2013, she also became the first woman to own IAAF World titles at 60 m, 100 m, 200 m and 4 × 100 m relay simultaneously.
Nicknamed the "Pocket Rocket" for her petite 5'.0" frame and her explosive starts, she is ranked fourth on the list of the fastest 100 m female sprinters of all time, with a personal best of 10.70 seconds. Her achievements and consistency led Olympian and sports commentator Michael Johnson to refer to her as "the greatest female sprinter of all time." Following her win in the 100 m at the 2015 World Championships, the IAAF also referred to her as "possibly the greatest female sprinter in history."